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      2019-09-30 09:47:48| 來源:中公教師網


      Reading Comprehension

      Directions:Read the following three passages.Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements.For each of them mere are four choices marked A,B,C and D.Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read.


      Believe it or not,optical illusion(視覺錯覺),can cut highway accidents.Japan is a case in point.It has reduced car accidents on some roads by nearly 75 percent using a simple optical illusion.

      Bent stripes,called chevrons(人字型)painted on the roads made drivers think that they are driving faster than they really are,and thus drivers slow down.Now the American Automobile Association Foundation for Traffic Safety in Washington D.C,is planning to repeat Japan's success.Starting next year,the foundation will paint chevrons and other patterns of stripes on selected roads around the country to test how well the patterns reduce highway accidents.High speed plays a major role in as much as one fifth of all deadly traffic accidents,according to the foundation.To help reduce those accidents,the foundation will carry out its tests in areas where speed related dangers are the greatest curves,exit slopes(斜坡),traffic circles,and bridges.Some studies suggest that straight,horizontal(水平的)bars painted across roads can cut the average speed of drivers in half.However,traffic often returns to full speed within months as drivers become used to seeing the painted bars.Chevrons,scientists say,not only give drivers the impression that they are driving faster than they really are but also make a road appear to be narrower.The result is a longer lasting reduction in highway speed and the number of traffic accidents.

      ( ) 1.The passage mainly discusses _________.

      A.a new way of highway speed control

      B.a new way of painting highways

      C.a new way of training drivers

      D.the uses of optical illusion

      ( ) 2.On roads painted with chevrons,drivers tend to feel that _________.

      A.they should keep distances from other cars

      B.they are driving in the wrong way

      C.they should slow down their speed

      D.they are close to the speed limit


      When I was going home to India last year,I called up my mother to ask if she wanted anything from China.

      When India had not opened up its markets to the world,I carried suitcase loads of dark glasses and jeans.Thankfully,we can get all these anywhere in India now.

      Still,her answer surprised me:“Green tea.”

      As long as I can remember she didn't even drink Indian tea.

      I dutifully bought a big packet of Longjing and headed home to hear the story.My mother and her brother,both regular newspaper readers,believed that Chinese green tea was the wonder drug for all illnesses.

      At the turn of the century,China was not really familiar to the average Indian.It was a strange country.

      How things change! And how soon!

      Now every town of any size seems to have a “China Market”.And everyone is talking about China.

      The government of India has planned to send a team to China to see how things are done.A minister once said that India must open the doors for more foreign investment(投資) and such a step would “work wonders as it did for China”.

      But it's a two way street.I just heard about a thousand Shenzhen office workers who have gone to Rangalore to train in software.Meanwhile,all the IT majors are setting up a strong presence in China.

      No wonder that trade,which was only in the millions just ten years ago,is expected to hit about USMYM15 billion for last year and USMYM20 billion by 2008,a goal set by both governments.

      No wonder,my colleague wrote some weeks ago about this being the Sino Indian(中印)century as the two countries started on January 1,the Sino Indian Friendship Year.

      But what is still a wonder to me is my mother drinking Chinese tea.

      ( )1.In the text the author expresses _________.

      A.his concern for his mother's health

      B.his support for drinking Chinese green tea

      C.his surprise at China's recent development

      D.his wonder at the growth of India's IT industry

      ( )2.Why did the mother ask for Chinese green tea?

      A.She was tired of Indian tea.

      B.She had a son working in China.

      C.She believed it had a curing effect.

      D.She was fond of Chinese products.

      ( )3.What do we know about the Indian IT industry?

      A.It will move its head office to Shenzhen.

      B.It is seeking further development in China.

      C.It has attracted an investment of USMYM15 billion.

      D.It caught up with the US IT industry in 2008.

      ( )4.What does the author mean by “it's a two way street” in Paragraph 10?

      A.China and India have different traffic rules.

      B.Tea trade works wonders in both India and China.

      C.Chinese products are popular in both China and India.

      D.The exchanges between India and China benefit both.


      (五):1-2 A C

      (六):1-4 C C B D







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